Betel nut

Areca nuts can have deleterious effects. Effects of betel nut and fermented fish on the thiamin status of northeastern Thais.

Chewing the nut stimulates the flow of saliva to aid digestion. They confirmed there is sufficient evidence that areca nut, with or without tobacco, can cause cancer.

Asia's deadly secret: The scourge of the betel nut

The areca nut contains the tannins arecatannin and gallic acid ; a fixed oil gum ; a little terpineol ; lignin ; various saline substances; and three main alkaloids — arecolinearecaidineand guvacine —all of which have vasoconstricting properties.

Oral Epidemiol ;5 6: Older and younger generations alike enjoy the use of betel nut, which is readily available at stores and markets.

Dried leaves and wood ash are applied to the furrows at fortnightly intervals and cow dung slurry is sprinkled. Description[ edit ] The areca nut is not a true nutbut rather a fruit categorized as a berry. In Guam and the neighboring Northern Mariana Islandsbetel and areca nut chewing is a social pastime as a means to extend friendship, and can be found in many, if not most, large gatherings as part of the food display.

Other additives may include catechun tree extract, spices, and sweeteners.

Asia's deadly secret: The scourge of the betel nut

Am J Clin Nutr ;87 1: Nowadays, older people are the only ones chewing betel nuts. Cancer Lett ;58 3: Betal chewing and caries experience in New Guinea. Hypoglycaemic activity of arecoline in betel nut Areca catechu L. The habit of chewing betel nut is often associated with blue-collar labor industries such a long-haul transportation, construction, or fishing.

Br J Cancer ;24 3: P N G Med J ;27 In one region where betel leaf cultivation is the main source of income for farmers, a total of 2, hectares of land is dedicated to betel vine farming.

There is even a Malay proverb about the betel nut, "bagaikan pinang dibelah dua", loosely translated like a betel nut cut in two, referring to the similarity of two persons such as twins or siblings, because the two halves of the cut betel nut are very similar to each other.

Taiwan is trying to tackle the popular habit of chewing of betel nuts, which has caused a huge rise in the incidence of oral cancer. Learn more about Betel Nut uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Betel Nut.

How Dangerous Is Betel Nut?

The betel (Piper betle) is a vine belonging to the Piperaceae family, which includes pepper and kava. Betel leaf is mostly consumed in Asia, and elsewhere in the world by some Asian emigrants, as betel quid or in paan, with Areca nut and/or tobacco.

In India and Sri Lanka a sheaf of betel leaves is traditionally offered as a mark of respect and auspicious beginnings. Chewing the mixture of areca nut and betel leaf is a tradition, custom, or ritual which dates back thousands of years in much of the geographical areas from South Asia eastward to the Pacific.

Betel nut chewing originated in the tropical regions of southern Asia, but it has gradually spread to communities in Madagascar, eastern Africa and the West schmidt-grafikdesign.comd: Jun 17, Chewing betel nut can cause a host of health problems, including oral cancers.

Read about warnings from world and U.S. agencies, and see what the research says.

Betel nut
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Asia's deadly secret: The scourge of the betel nut - BBC News