Because troubador songs were notated as simple rows of pitches without rhythm, the rhythms and instrumental accompaniments of modern performances are based on conjecture; images of troubadors in medieval manuscripts have offered hints as to what instruments were played.
The court of Burgundy No one line of demarcation is completely satisfactory, but, adhering to commonly accepted usage, one may conveniently accept as the beginning of the musical Renaissance the flourishing and secularization of music at the beginning of the 15th century, particularly at the court of Burgundy.
Luca Marenzio was the most celebrated "madrigalist" of his day. The Ordinary is composed of five texts--Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei the first words of the texts --that were included in every Mass, not only in Masses that celebrated special occasions.
Compared with the frottola, the earliest Renaissance madrigals, dating from aboutwere characterized by quiet and restrained expression. This explains both modes and scales extensively discussed and harmony, regarded as simultaneous melody.
Poems by Goethe and other German-speaking authors were set to music, to be performed by solo singer and piano; these brief settings were known as Lieder literally, "songs"; but distinguished from the less weighty Gesangen.
Western swing also developed during this time. That work documented principles that were crucial to the further development of polyphony.
The Frenchman Claude Debussy rejected the rules of 19th-century harmony as they were taught in the Paris Conservatoire, instead infusing his practice with harmonic techniques from East Asia and Russia.
Yet the late 18th-century orchestra still numbered about 30 players, in contrast to the 70 or more players in modern orchestras. The invention of printing had an immense influence on the dissemination of musical styles, and along with the movement of the Franco-Flemish musicians, contributed to the establishment of the first truly international style in European music since the unification of Gregorian chant under Charlemagne.
In the 's, Schoenberg introduced the "twelve-tone system," a new technique for organizing music without the need for a central note.
They carried their style with them: Despite its embrace of other popular styles, country music retained an unmistakable character as one of the few truly indigenous American musical styles. The harmonica, invented in the early 19th century in central Europe, arrived in North America shortly before the American Civil Waras the United States was just beginning to expand westward; its small size and portability made it a favorite among the American public and the westward pioneers.
Many of the cultural centres of the Western church developed distinctive characteristics while sharing the common heritage of the Hebrew liturgy and Greek culture. Among these were the Carter Family and Jimmie Rodgerswhose performances strongly influenced later musicians.
Advances were particularly apparent in venturesome harmonies as chromaticism the use of notes not belonging to the mode of the composition sounded the death knell of the modal system.
The German Michael Praetorius. This approached consisted of the repetition of the same melody the "subject" in a number of polyphonic "voices," which voices then continued, re-introducing the subject at fairly regular intervals.
Subsequent "western" songs down through the years have dealt with many aspects of the West, such as the mountain men, the '49ers, the immigrants, the outlaws, the lawmen, the cowboy, and, of course, the beauty and grandeur of the West.
Beethoven, String Quartet op. The diatonic seven-note scale, for example, became the standard, displacing the chromatic and enharmonic structures of the Grecian system. Over time, the Academy evolved into the Academy of Country Music and its mission is no longer distinguished from other country music organizations.
The musical style that had been established by the troubadours—which was monophonic, of limited range, and sectional in structure—was adopted by each of the succeeding groups. The organ, because of its close association with liturgical music, continued to be an important instrument, and its literature includes all of the formal types except dances.
Other topics discussed in this book are: the Oriental influence on Western music; the waltz and other 19th-century dances; Italian opera and other popular genres; Wagner and early Modernism; and the roots of the 20th-century popular idiom.
Western (country) music (noun): a style of country music that developed in the western states of the USA - My dad likes Western music more than old-time country music.
Western swing (noun): a style that mixes Western music and big-band swing jazz - Those Western swing records are great to dance to. Rock emerged in the mid s as a blending of mainstream pop, rhythm and blues, and country and western--styles that previously had remained relatively separate.
This new style became the music of the emerging youth. Western music, music produced in Europe as well as those musics derived from the European from ancient times to the present day. The Egyptians, entering historical times about years later than the Mesopotamians, enjoyed all of the same types of activities and instruments, as may be deduced from.
Country music, also called country and western, style of American popular music that originated in rural areas of the South and West in the early 20th century. The term country and western music (later shortened to country music) was adopted by the recording industry in to replace the derogatory label hillbilly music.
For the further story of the consolidation of the country music industry around Nashville, see Chapter What is authentic country music? Authenticity in performance has a completely different meaning than authenticity with reference to objects. Authenticating a document or work of art involves finding whether it is the original object.Origins of western music